One of the highly addictive substances known is the white powder extracted from the coca plant popularly known as cocaine. There are different ways on how to use cocaine in order for its effects to be felt quickly. This includes snorting the powder and dissolving the powder in water then injecting it intravenously. During the 1970s, users developed a method for separating the most potent chemicals in cocaine by heating it with ether which paved its way for the appearance of freebase cocaine. This produced a cocaine base, or freebase, that is even more powerful. It is often smoked in a water pipe or is mixed in a tobacco or marijuana cigarette. Crack is a form of free-base cocaine that is boiled down into tiny chunks, or rocks, which are usually smoked.
The nucleus accumbens and the ventral tegmental area are the parts of the brain being activated by cocaine. These parts of the brain are known to register the feelings of pleasure and reward. Normally, when a pleasurable event occurs, dopamine is released into the synapses in these areas of the brain and then binds to receptors on neighboring synapses. A pleasurable feeling is maintained when the dopamine is accumulated in the synapse when cocaine is taken in because cocaine blocks the reuptake of dopamine into the transmitting neuron .
Initially, cocaine produces a sudden rush of intense euphoria, followed by great self-esteem, alertness, energy, and a general feeling of competence, creativity, and social acceptability. The feeling of being drugged is not often felt. Instead, they feel they have become the people they always wanted to be. Cocaine produces feelings of to grandiosity, impulsiveness, hypersexuality, compulsive behavior, agitation, and anxiety, reaching the point of panic and paranoia when taken in very heavy dosage. Feelings of exhaustion and depression happens after stopping the sue of the substance which is often followed by sleeping for long amounts of time. Users also feel an intense craving for more of the substance, both for its physiological and its psychological effects.
Many cocaine abusers and dependents started with heavy alcohol or marijuana use and then graduated to harder substances, including cocaine. The extremely quick and potent effects of cocaine on the brain’s reward centers, however, seem to build this substance more likely than most illegal substances to result in patterns of abuse and dependence, even between people who have never been heavy users of any other substances.
The continued rising of different crimes has been often blamed on the using of cocaine. One of the best ways to get rid of the problems brought by cocaine addicted is through letting the cocaine addict to go through a drug rehab. As cocaine addiction is on the rise, different drug rehab centers have been sprouting in order to help the cocaine problem. Victims of cocaine dependency and addiction is being helped by several established treatment and drug rehab programs. Medical treatment and cognitive-behavioral therapies are being provided to these patients. Moreover, the problem of addiction and dependency do not stop with the elimination of the drug intake. The treatment goes further as teaching the patient a life free from drugs. Other treatment programs include opening of old wounds that might have caused the addiction. This is attributed to the fact that there are cases where in physical and sexual abuse have been associated to drug dependency. People tend to resort to certain behaviors that may allow them to escape the mere thought of the undesirable experience when they couldn’t handle stressful events.
Drug rehab is very potent to solve the problems of cocaine addiction.