Eating disorder is such a very dangerous disorder. It gives off a lot of medical complications. These medical complications are the following: a slow heart rate, irregular heartbeat, heart, skin turning yellow, taste buds getting impaired, hypoglycemia, dehydration, tetanus, anemia, vulnerability to bleeding, decalcification, decaying of the tooth, amenorrhea, sexual interest decreases, impotence, swelling of the salivary gland, acute expansion of the stomach, constipation, weakness, and hypothermia. As you can see, there is no point in explaining more why eating disorders are very dangerous.
There are actually two types of eating disorder. These two type of eating disorders are called anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa Anorexia nervosa is taking out more weight by means of not eating or eating a very little amount for very extensive periods of time. Bulimia nervosa is losing weight by means of controlled eating also called binging. To be diagnosed of having an eating disorder, one should meet a certain criteria.
To be diagnosed of having anorexia nervosa, one should meet the following criteria. This is according to the latest version of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
1. The denial to preserve body weight at or above a minimally normal weight for age and height.
2. Having an irrational terror of gaining weight or becoming fat even though being noticeably underweight.
3. Distortions in the perception of one’s body weight or shape, undue power of body weight or shape on self-evaluation, or denial of the seriousness of the recent low body weight.
4. For women who have reached menarche, the absence of at least three consecutive menstrual cycles.
Below are the criteria to be diagnosed of having bulimia nervosa:
1. Having recurring episodes of binge eating that shows the following:
a. Intake of an amount of food in a separate period of time that is definitely bigger in amount than most people would consume.
b. During this discrete period, there is a deficient of control over eating.
2. Having recurrent inappropriate behaviors in preventing weight increase such as self- induced vomiting; misusing of laxatives, diuretics, enemas, and other medications to induce vomiting; fasting, and excessive exercise.
3. The standard incidence of binge eating and inappropriate purging behaviors is at least twice a week for three months.
4. The influence of body shape and weight in one’s self- evaluation.
In the present, we are lucky enough that there are important progress happening for eating disorder treatment. There are now many ways for one to recover from the bad effects eating disorder brings. One of the most effective eating disorder treatments is the use of medications. In lessening binging and vomiting, tricyclic antidepressants are being used. There are also extra medications such as monoamine oxidase and fluoxetine that are similar to the effects the tricyclic antidepressants brings. Although on an significant aspect, these drugs have addictive substances. Addiction always starts with the use of drugs that creates tolerance.
Another important and effective way to treat eating disorders is getting the patient into an eating disorder rehab centers. Eating disorder rehab centers are there to offer an institutionalized approach of treatment. The patient will be kept in a rehab centers with fellow individuals who too has an eating disorder. The environment will be more controlled and the patients’ physicians are able to monitor closely to ensure recovery.
Eating disorder treatment is a very dangerous disorder that is why it is important for one to avail of an eating disorder treatment like going to a rehab.