Getting to Know Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder is one of many conditions that are referred to as a depressive disorder. This type of disorder has an effect on an individual’s brain processes. This disorder has many causes. One’s early experiences, neural processes, and psychological processes are part of the few reasons that are known to cause bipolar disorder.

There are many different kind of psychological studies that are conducted to examine bipolar disorder. Findings from these numerous psychological studies explain that the period that leads to mania describes anxiety, depression and having isolated sub-clinical symptoms of mania. This isolated sub-clinical symptom of mania includes a boost in an individual’s energy and racing thoughts. The latter increases and leads to increased activity levels, especially if there is disruption in circadian rhythms or goal attainment events. There is some signal that once mania has begun to expand, social stressors, including criticism from significant others, can further contribute. This finding has been known to be consistent although there is a variety in cyclical patterns.

In the case of neural processes, researchers proposed a hypothesis that abnormalities in specific brain circuits have been known to cause bipolar disorder. These abnormalities in particular brain circuits are in parts of the brain such as the amygdala, the hippocampus, and the prefrontal cortex. Researchers have promoted the kindling theory which states that individuals who are inclined to bipolar disorder can experience a series of stressful events. These stressful events lower the threshold of the individual which would then be followed with a change in moods.

The role of one’s early experiences are a factor because one’s environment plays a significant role in the development of bipolar disorder. Almost fifty percent of people diagnosed with bipolar disorder reported that during their childhood they have experienced abusive and traumatic experiences. One’s early experiences are significantly linked as a cause of bipolar disorder.

Dealing with bipolar disorder is quite difficult; that is why it is important to seek professional help. Although there is no exact aid for this kind of disorder, there are treatments that can stabilize an individual’s mood. These treatments are able to handle and organize mood. To be able to stabilize the mood of the individual, a medical drug is given. This medical drug includes the use of lithium carbonate or lamotrigine. Lithium carbonate and lamotrigine are famous in preventing

manic and depressive episodes. However, drug treatment is not adequate to aid an individual recover from bipolar disorder. There is also a need for psychotherapy.

The role of psychotherapy in recovery form bipolar disorder is that it reduces negatively expressed emotions in relationships, recognizing triggering episodes, alleviating core symptoms, and recognizing symptoms before full blown recurrences happen. This type of psychotherapy uses cognitive behavioral therapy, family focused therapy, and psychoeducation. Psychotherapy teaches different kinds of techniques such as relaxation and distraction techniques in order to ensure recovery from bipolar disorder. Psychotherapy deals with different facets of an individual’s life while trying to piece out the cause of bipolar disorder. The information of where the bipolar disorder emerged from is a big help since the development of the disorder is helpful in looking for ways to cure the disorder. To ensure successful recovery, psychotherapy is paired with medical treatments.

Bipolar disorder should not be a problem to anybody when it comes to treatment because help is always available.

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