Experts were able to recognize four substance-related conditions . They are substance intoxication, substance withdrawal, substance abuse, and substance dependence. There are different criteria for each of these conditions. Also, these conditions are manifested in the context of the substances most frequently linked to them. These substances can be grouped in the following categories:
• Central nervous system depressants which includes alcohol, barbiturates,
benzodiazepines, and inhalants.
• Central nervous system stimulants which includes cocaine, amphetamines,
nicotine, and caffeine.
• Opioids which includes heroin and morphine.
• Hallucinogens and phencyclidine (PCP)
The symptoms of depression and cognitive impairment is given off as an effect by taking in central nervous system depressants. Central nervous system stimulants activate the central nervous system and the parts of the brain that registers pleasures. Euphoria, lethargy, unconsciousness, and seizures are the effects of taking in opioids. This substance is also highly addictive. The experiencing of perceptual illusions and distortions ad symptoms ranging from a sense of peace and tranquility to feelings of unreality and violence are the possible effects of taking in hallucinogens and phencyclidine (PCP) . Meanwhile, cannabis creates a high feeling, cognitive and motor impairments, and in some people, hallucinogenic effects. Intoxication, withdrawal, abuse, and dependence can occur with most, although not all, of these substances.
There are many other substances used for intoxicating effects that more rarely lead to substance-related-disorders. Muscle relaxants, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, antidepressant medications, lead, rat poisons with strychnine, pesticides, nerve gas, antifreeze, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide are some example of these substances. Although most people exposed to these kind of substances either experience no psychoactive effects or only mild and transient effects, some people experience significant problems in cognition and mood, anxiety, hallucinations, delusions, and seizures when exposed. A diagnosis of other substance-related disorder are given to these people.
One should be quickly wary whenever one happens to know someone who is intoxicated . Withdrawal, abuse, or much worse, dependence can often be a result of intoxication that is why signs of intoxication is really alarming. However, when circumstances happen that intoxication has not been attended to and has lead to abuse and dependence, there is drug rehab to help you deal with it.
Drug rehab is the process of assisting someone to improve and recover from a disorder in order to function well again. Whenever drug addiction is present, drug rehab is one of the most important processes to consider. In order to help drug addicted individuals, drug rehab is really very useful. There are different methods in how drug rehab can help drug abusers and drug dependents. Drug rehabilitation uses different techniques in order to do such helping. There are many places where one can get a dose of drug rehab help. One can consult the local and medical psychiatric societies. One can also visit one’s university medical affiliated programs which are mostly hospital affiliated. There is also a much better way to help an individual regarding his or her search for drug rehab. Health maintenance organizations are one of the places where one can join. One has access to different specialist by paying a monthly price compared to paying a per service fee when one decides to join a health maintenance organization. Whenever things go wrong, one will have the assurance.
Substance-related disorders produces many negative effects that is why it is important to know drug rehab.