Cocaine is one of the most highly addictive substance ever produced. The ventral tegmental area and the nucleus accumbens of the brain switches on when cocaine is being used. These are the areas of the brain that chronicles reward and pleasure. A pleasurable event happens when dopamine is let loosed on the brain and connects to a receptor. The use of cocaine hampers the reuptake of dopamine. This causes the dopamine to mount up in an area in the brain. This maintains the feeling of pleasure.
Drug addiction using cocaine generates an intense euphoria very quickly. This results to a personl with very high self-esteem, energetic, and the feeling social acceptance. Cocaine users claimed that they do not feel being drugged but rather they feel that they have become the person they always wanted. With high doses, cocaine use directs to negative behaviors such as impulsivity, compulsivity, and a high level of anxiety. After the effect of the substance wears off, a sensation of exhaustion and gloominess sets in. This is then followed by a great amount of sleep. As a psychological and physiological effect, there is a powerful desire for the substance. It has been found out by numerous studies that cocaine addiction has been fueled by alcohol use and marijuana use.
The effect of cocaine wears off very fast. This would make a cocaine user to take regular doses to maintain the effect of cocaine. This set-up is then followed by tolerance. Tolerance means the drug user would yearn for larger quantity of cocaine to reach the usual effects he experiences.
Before the 1970s, cocaine was very expensive. Only well-to-do individuals were able to purchase this drug. A time came that the cost of cocaine was reduced that one’s socio-economic status did not matter anymore for this kind of drug addiction. Currently, in the United States of America, about 11 percent of people have tried cocaine at least one time in their lives. This quick drop of cocaine’s cost lead to its widespread use. Rich and poor have now access in using cocaine. However, despite cocaine’s price reduction, the problem of increasing dosage is still money to pay. Most cocaine addicts are teenagers who don’t have a stable job. In order to buy cocaine, these teenagers resort to theft or prostitution. This is a kind of extreme anxiety that makes an individual take on extremely dangerous behaviors. According to recent studies, HIV is one of the highest percentage that these cocaine users have in common.
Cocaine addiction has two sets of symptoms. The first set is the so-called intoxication symptoms. Part of intoxication symptoms are the rapid beating of your heart, dilation of your pupils, nausea, elevated or lowered blood pressure, perspiring or chilling, psychomotor agitation, vomiting, weight loss, chest pain, slowed breathing, muscular weakness, seizures, and changes in your behavior such as affective blunting, changes in sociability, anxiety, hypervigilance, impaired judgment, anger and interpersonal sensitivity. The second set is called withdrawal symptoms. dysphoric mood, fatigue, vivid an unpleasant dreams, insomnia or hypersomnia, increased in appetite, and psychomotor retardation or agitation.
It is a very dangerous situation when someone says he or she is in cocaine addiction. It doesn’t just affect the user but also the people around him or her. It is best to contact the nearest treatment centers in your country to make sure the available options for recovery. This kind of drug addiction needs intensive and fast treatment. Who knows? The life you saved might be your own.
Cocaine drug addiction is very popular in the United States with statistics showing that 11% have tried it.