Cocaine Addiction as Part of Dual Diagnosis

Ever since, the problem of cocaine addiction has always been present. In any society, cocaine can always give off bad effects. It can be a chief variable to ruined one’s family. Wariness should always be present. This variety of addiction usually begins from simple things leading to big and complicated problems.

The origins of cocaine can be traced from the coca plant. Cocaine can be used in many different ways. It can be snorted for its effects to be felt quicker. It can also be dissolved in water and be injected intravenously. The use of cocaine gives off feelings of euphoria. People keep on using this kind of substance for repetition of this kind of experience.

One can only say a person is cocaine addicted when he or she shows certain indications. These clues can be seen via intoxication symptoms and withdrawal symptoms. Examples of withdrawal symptoms are dysphoric kinds of disposition, being restless, horrid kind of dreams, too much or oversleeping, eating too much, and a very high level of anxiety. On the other hand, convulsions, pains in the upper body, difficulty of breathing, muscles turning very delicate, weight loss, and changes in the behavior are examples of intoxication symptoms.

As obviously, the thing that is being noticed the most when someone starts to get addictive to a substance is one’s very apparent change in behavior. These behavioral changes can include the following: sociability changes, hypervigilance, super sensitivity, too much anxiety, and easiness to get angry. As a way to describe these symptoms in a few words, it’s really a damaged way of thinking.

Mental illness can always be a result once the behavioral changes of using drugs starts to happen. Substance addiction plus a mental illness does actually have a term, dual diagnosis. Dual diagnosis is the co-occurrence of substance abuse problem and a mental disorder. There are certain types of substances that can lead to a mental disorder as explained by the causality theory of dual diagnosis. This due to the fact of the effects the substance brings. Example of this is the substance cocaine.

This co-occurrence of a substance abuse problem and mental illness leads to the problem of how to treat an individual suffering this kind of situation. When one has substance abuse dilemmas, he or she is most of the time advised to be put in a center for recovery. When one also has mental illness, there are centers that cater to their special needs. However, there are actually no centers that specialize in the treatment of a co-occurrence of a mental disorder and a substance abuse problem. Specialists of in treating substance abuse problems have little or no idea in treating a person with mental disorder and vice versa.

Dual diagnosis is quite new in the field of psychology that treatment for this situation only exists by standards. The way to treat dual diagnosis is by joining together the treatment for the problems of substance abuse and mental illness. The kind of treatment should not be taken apart from each other but like the disease, should co-exist.

Most times, dual diagnosis is hard to treat because symptoms of cocaine addiction and a mental illness tend to overlap each other. There is also the problem of denial. In most cases, a cocaine addict would not acknowledge that he or she is into drugs. The specialist would then assume that the individual only has a mental illness when in fact, the mental illness is due to his or her use of the drugs. The greatest factor for dual diagnosis is recover is for the affected to really want help. When the affected is the one to ask for help, denial would never be a problem. Thus, recovery is on its way.

Cocaine addiction has a very high chance of developing into dual diagnosis, one should always be careful.

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