Anyone can be a victim of behavioral health disorder. Although we have thepower to choose, peer pressures can get in the way of the decisions we will be creating. One of the most common behavioral health disorders is addiction. Addiction is quite rampant in every society. Addiction knows no age bracket and socio-economic status. Addiction as defined in the Merriam Webster Dictionary can mean the compulsive need for and use of a habit-forming substance characterized by well defined physiological symptoms.
There is no control what one can get addicted to. One can even get addicted to sex and love. The most popular kind of addiction is substance addiction. Its reputation has sprung from the representation it gives off, the notorious image of negativity. People who are in the pits of substance addiction usually present a succession of bad behaviors affecting people around him or her.
There are many different substances an individual can get addicted to. Examples of substances that produces negative effects on the body are stimulants, opioids, hallucinogens and PCPs. These substances have an effect on certain biochemicals in our brain which has direct reinforcing effects. The mesolimbic dopamine system is one of the areas of the brain that is involved in effects of these psychoactive substances. A experience of good food and physical pleasure such as those produced by sexual stimulation activates this kind of system. This system can be set off by psychoactive substances already mentioned. The effect is always so severe. The activation of mesolimbic dopamine system can make people to desire the reason of activation to repeat its effects. The application
of such substances gives off stable changes in one’s mesolimbic dopamine system which makes an individual yearn for for the substance. The mesolimbic dopamine system gets hyperactive once the substance has been used repeatedly. In short term and long term use of these substances, makes hard for the people to resist once they have already tried. The casual trying of any of the substances can make an individual crave for more. The high that is so compelling is the reason why it is wanted more.
Stimulants are substances that turns on the central nervous system. This causes feelings such as pleasure, energy, supremacy, a decreased desire for sleep, and reduced appetite. Examples of stimulants are cocaine, amphetamines, nicotine, and caffeine. Cocaine is one of the most highly addictive substances ever known. This substance can be snorted to have its effects felt quickly. Amphetamines are substances initially initiated as antihistamines until people started noticing its stimulant effects. Nicotine is an alkaloid being found in tobaccos. Nicotine can be famously found in cigarettes. Caffeine on the other hand is the most intense used stimulant substance. Greatest amount of caffeine used is attributed to the wide use of coffee.
Opioids is used for a thousand of years to reduce pain until its properties have been discovered to be dangerously addictive. Morphine and heroin are examples of opioids. Morphine was used broadly as a pain reliever. This has been in the 19th century until its being addictive was discovered. There are more examples of opioids such as methadone and codeine. Opioid substances are substances found in the sap of the opium poppy.
When taken in very large amount, these substances produces illusions in perceptions and distortions in the way of thinking in small doses. Peyote, ecstasy, and LSD are the main ingredients of hallucinogens. On the other hand, PCP or phenylcyclidine are substances manufactured for smoking and snorting. PCP is not identified as hallucinogen but its effects are mostly the same. PeaCePill, Tranq, Hog and angel dust are the popular names of PCP outside the laboratory.
Why is substance addiction considered as a behavioral health disorder? This is because substance addiction brings tremendous negative effects in an individuals behavior. This modification in behavior usually affects the people that surround the individual. These substances are against the law and can only be used lawfully when prescribed by specialists. One should be wary and stay away from this substances to not develop a problem.
Addiction is considered a behavioral health disorder due to the negative effects it produces in one’s behavior.